Copic Markers for Beginners
How I began
My love affair with copic markers began earlier this year. Before copic markers I didn’t really colour much and didn’t really buy those types of cutsie stamps. I had a few that I would colour with pencils, water pencils or chalks. It wasn’t really a big part of my card making. Then I came across the Magnolia range of stamps and bought a few. After looking at other blogs using these stamps my jaw dropped. I couldn’t believe how gorgeous their images looked and so I began researching what they were using to colour these images with.
I found they were using a number of different mediums but that these ‘copic markers’ kept receiving comments of how amazing they are. I was visiting my local craft store and they happened to have some copic markers. They were very expensive, around $11-$12 each from memory but I decided I would just buy two colours to try them out. I had NO IDEA at this stage about the different types of copic markers and about the colour rating system.
I decided to buy what I thought were skin colours – E00 said ‘Skin white’ on the cap & R02 said ‘Flesh’ on the cap. For those of you familiar with copic markers you may be chuckling right now. It turns out that these colours DO NOT blend well together. But as a beginner, reading the names of the markers is not the way to select your colours. I will go into this in detail further below.
The other mistake that I had made is the type of marker I had purchased, but it was quite a while and quite a few dollars later that I figured this out. I had been purchasing the ‘original’ copic markers which have a square body shape and a hard pointy nib to colour with. They are more like what we call here in Australia a ‘Texta’.
However, even though this was a mistake I made by not researching more I feel I learned a different technique to colouring with copic markers due to this experience. I couldn’t colour like the women I watched on youtube as I didn’t have the flexibility of the brush nib found on the Sketch and Ciao markers. Thus rather than colouring with small circles I found I needed to colour in small strokes which I know understand as the ‘feathering’ technique. I continue to colour this way with my ‘sketch’ markers today and personally find I get better results.
So what is so good about copic markers compared to other markers?
Unlike regular markers that are water based, copic markers are alcohol based (but they are acid free when the ink dries so they can be used in scrapbooking). Being alcohol based means when using the correct paper, the paper doesn’t ‘pill’ when you saturate the paper. With regular water based markers the paper becomes so saturated that it begins to start scratching away at the paper and it peels up leaving you with little balls of paper where you have coloured.
The other pro to this is that you can colour on different surfaces, for example, tin, ribbons, embellishments, materials and more. So with copic markers you can begin buying plain rhinestones and pearls and simply colour them to match your project rather than having one of every colour in your collection.
Because they are refillable and the nibs replaceable, your initial outlay is an investment for life. Refill inks don’t cost a lot more than the pens themselves and you can refill a sketch marker about 10 times per refill bottle. I have heard of some crafters who buy the really big refill bottles for the colours they use ALL the time. I have only just recently refilled my first marker which was a skin colour and I colour a lot!!
With the right paper their blending ability is outstanding. The colours are crisp and bright and once you learn the techniques you can achieve amazing results.
So let’s begin with the different types of copic markers.
The two main copic markers used by ‘stampers’ are the Sketch and Ciao markers. I am going to concentrate on these two rather than go over the details of the ‘orginal’ and ‘wide’ copic markers.
Super brush nib
Hold 2cc’s of ink
144+ colours available
Super brush nib
Holds 3cc’s of ink
Compatible with airbrushing system
Colour codes printed on cap ends
344+ colours available
The Sketch markers were originally introduced and marketed towards artists and graphic designers. These people who had fallen in love with them had wanted to be able to offer similar markers to their children however the sketch markers were considered too expensive; so Copic designed a special marker which also included a special cap with air holes in it in case a child accidentally swallowed the cap. These were introduced as Ciao markers.
Over the last few years Copic Markers became very popular in the stamping community and one of the biggest questions is, “What is the difference between these two markers?”.
They both use the same colour inks, they both use the same nibs, they both can be refilled and the nibs can be replaced on both.
The sketch however, holds more ink so you will refill your favourite colours less often, they don’t roll around on the table, they ‘feel’ better to hold in my opinion, they can be used with the airbrushing system, you can read the colour on the end of the cap, you can buy spare bodies to mix your own colours and most importantly they are available in a wider range of colours.
My ‘personal’ preference
My preference are ‘Sketch’ markers and from what I have heard, many that begin with the Ciao markers to see what all the fuss is about end up reverting to the ‘Sketch’ markers.
I personally find the Sketch markers ‘feel’ like they are a better quality. It could be the additional weight (like when you receive a nice heavy weighted business card you instantly have a good impression), it could be that the caps are made from the same material as the body casing and the overall feel of the marker as I colour is comfortable to use. But this is my experience and yours may be different.
I definitely think Ciao markers have their place and for those starting out I can see the merritt in trying with Ciaos first. They are cheaper than the sketch markers so the initial outlay is not as expensive. They just don’t have the colour range and sometimes the colour jumps between shades is hard to blend. But that can happen with the sketch markers too.
So what is this whole colour code stuff and why?
The idea behind copic markers is to blend different shades together to create depth within your image. Rather than colouring with one shade like regular textas, you colour with two or more shades so that your image doesn’t appear ‘flat’. Usually it is recommended to blend with a minimum of three shades. A light shade, medium shade and darker shade.
But how do you select the shades?
Each marker has a letter/s and numbers associated with it which ‘describes’ the colour within. NEVER assume the colour of the cap is the colour that will come out of the marker, also be aware that different blending paper gives different results.
The letters define the type of family the colour belongs to.
E = earthy colours, G = Green Colours Y = Yellow colours, R = Red colours, B = Blue colours, V = Violet colours
Then you will get combinations of these letters
RV = Red Violet, YR = Yellow Red, YG = Yellow Green, BG = Blue Green, BV = Blue Violet
And lastly the gray colours
There are four different tones available in the Sketch and two available in Ciao
W = Warm Grays (hint of brown) available in Ciao and Sketch
C = Cool Grays (hint of blue) available in Ciao and Sketch
N = Neutral Gray (true grey) Sketch only
T = Toner Gray (half way between Warm and Neutral) Sketch Only
The numbers after these letter/s specify the saturation and brightness
Looking at the first number first if we go back to our example ‘R20′
We have already learned that the R stands for the ‘Red family’ the ’2′ tells us on a scale of 0-9 what the saturation of the colour is. Meaning how much ‘gray’ is added to the ink.
The higher the number, the more gray that has been added to the ink meaning the less vibrant the colour will be.
In my experience, the 20′s/30′s in most colour families appear to be the truest colour.
The second digit in our example ’0′ tells us on a scale of 0-9 how bright the colour is, meaning how light it is or how dark it is.
The higher the number the darker the colour will be as more pigment is added to the blend.
In our example of ‘R20′ the colour is a light red. In my opinion a true ‘pink’ colour. It doesn’t have a lot of grey mixed into the main colour and it has less pigment than the darker colours which makes it light.
Copic Colour Wheel
Here is a link to the colour wheel created by Copic that shows how the families of colours relate to one another.
Blank hand Colour Chart
Here is a link to a blank page with boxes for you to colour with your markers as you acquire them. It is ideal to print this out onto the blending card stock you are using so that you can see the true colour for ‘that’ paper.
What’s this blender marker all about?
Well… it’s not ‘really’ a blender pen. It’s more of a colour remover. It’s one of the most useful markers in the collection. I recommend at least buying this marker as a Sketch as it is one of the markers you will likely use every image you work on.
One of the most common uses of the blender marker is fixing mistakes where you have coloured outside the lines. To fix a mistake you ‘push’ the colour back towards the line. Be careful to not add too much ink close to the line as you will ‘wet’ the surrounding paper and provide an avenue for more colour to ‘leak’ outside the line.
When fixing a mistake only push the colour toward the line a couple of times and then let the paper dry and come back to it a couple more times and so on. Lighter colours may only need a couple of times but high pigment colours will need a few ‘treatments’ and colours like the dark reds well… they are hard. Add a shadow over the top or cut your image out if it is really bad. :)
But that’s not their only use.
You can use the blender marker to add texture to your images. After colouring in pants on a character for example after it has dried you can come in with the blender and add dots, lines etc and the colour will lighten. Give it a moment to dry as the ‘real’ effect appears as it dries. You can also add the blender ink to rags, brushes, spritz bottles etc and create some cool texture effects. Lot’s to experiment with there.
Another purpose is to soften the edges of lines. Especially if you like to outline your characters with a gray or blue colour, you can come in with the blender marker and soften the edge, feathering it slightly.
There are so many other great uses that I wont go into here but as you can see it is an important marker to have in your collection.
You keep saying I need the right paper?
Yes this is very important.
Number one reason
The ink from copic markers flow very easily. You can just lightly hold your marker to a piece of paper and the ink will begin to soak into the paper without you even moving. If you are using regular paper to blend with, you will find it soaks up a lot more of your ink and you will end up wasting a lot of ink. Plus the results aren’t too good. :)
Number two reason
Bleeding. As you are blending your inks you will naturally be saturating the paper with more ink. A well designed and coated paper will be able to hold the ink on the surface a little longer to allow you to blend before soaking in and bleeding out the edges of your lines. naturally any paper will eventually bleed if you over-saturate it with ink so it is important to work quickly and with as little ink as possible.
So what paper?
There are a number of companies who have been researching this and trying to design the best paper to get crafters to woo and chant. It’s true! When stampers find a paper they love to use with copic markers they will scream it out from the top of a hill!
Going back to my humble beginnings, I purchased paper recommended to me where I bought my ‘original’ markers. I had a lot of trouble using this paper and although I was getting better with more research I found I was not using very good paper.
NOTE: Every paper you try is a new learning curve. They each have their own unique fibre makeup and coating etc as all the companies are trying to find the best solution. So it comes down to experimenting with the different papers and then settling on which one seems to work best for you with your particular colouring technique.
I decided to import some GinaK Luxury paper from America. This opened up a whole new world to me. It was fantastic but I kept running into an issue with the high pigment markers in the 80′s and 90′s. They would sit on the surface and not blend into the paper or other colours. At first I thought I had got some dodgy markers but after reading I found others were having similar problems. When I think back to the email I sent to Copic about my problem, they must have been having a chuckle to themselves. I guess that’s why they didn’t respond. hmmm…
A friend sent me a sample of Neenah blending paper. Personally I never liked it. I found it would bleed a lot. But this would be due to MY colouring ways.
Another friend sent me some Beckett paper. I actually like this paper but I have had trouble finding it locally.
I have also tried the Cryogen paper. This one is interesting actually. I like the glimmer on the paper already. I need to experiment more before I offer my full opinion.
One great paper is X-Press It blending paper. It is available in most places now.
Like all other papers it does take some time to get used to but I will explain why I like it and what I have found it’s pitfalls are.
X-Press It Paper
What I have found with X-Press It paper is that I don’t have to lay down much ink to be able to blend nicely. I colour with a very light touch using stokes of colour quickly changing through my shades of colour as I blend. I rarely use the ‘circle’ blending that you may have seen elsewhere. I have personally found this lays down too much ink and saturates the paper too much.
You may have also learned and I did too during the copic course that you have blended your colours well if you turn your paper over and the ink has soaked through. Well in my experience I disagree when using X-Press It blending paper. You don’t need to add this much ink for the colours to blend. I do get this result when I blend the high pigment colours in ‘some’ areas as they can be a little harder to blend to a smooth gradient but with most colours they don’t bleed right through.
For me personally, by being light to the touch and not adding too much ink I have been able to achieve a lot more layering. I like to colour my images then allow them to dry and then come back in with grey markers to add additional depth. I could not achieve this with other papers I have tried as the ink would either sit on the surface or bleed too much out the lines.
However… X-Press It blending paper isn’t perfect.
It can still bleed when you over saturate it. For example when I attempted to recently blend pinks to white I needed to use the blender marker a lot to saturate the paper so that I could get a smooth gradient from the pink to white. Because I understood the pitfalls in doing this I made sure I started colouring in this area first so that I could come back and clean up any areas that had bled beyond the lines.
I also find that when colouring large areas, especially when I colour landscapes, grassy areas and skies the areas can dry a little blotchy on occasion. But I have noticed this on all of the papers I have tried and I think it must just be the way paper is coated.
So I suggest trying a few different papers and then deciding which works best with your particular colouring technique.
Make it Colour Paper
With my Paper Love Affair - I went searching for what would be the best paper for me. I contacted paper mills all over Australia and had 100 or more samples sent to me.
And then... I found it!! My absolute favourite paper which I am now offering as Make it Colour - My paper preference
At first I thought I was imagining it but this paper just seems to be perfect for alcohol markers!
The ink glides on the surface just long enough for you to blend your colours.
It seems to be able to take a lot of layers of ink before bleeding.
You can let the ink dry and if you haven't already oversaturated the paper can typically jump back in on top and add more ink.
All the feedback I have received from people who have tried this paper is that it's
the best they have ever used!!
What stamp ink should I use?
Well I can tell you straight up what ink NOT to use. DO NOT USE STAZ-ON Ink!! It will ruin your nibs and you will need to replace them.
The most common ink that is recommended is memento inks. I personally haven’t tried any other inks so I can not recommend any other inks on personal experience. I have heard of other people trying other inks and they worked just as well.
Always test a small area and see if the ‘stamp ink’ bleeds or leaves a stain on the nibs.
Again another case of experimenting. I use genuine Canon inks with no problems. I have heard of people having problems with Epson inks but after changing their paper had better results. So simply test the inks and try different mediums.
You can also use a laser printer. The toner is ‘melted’ to the paper and thus isn’t affected. The same goes for photocopies.
So I am a beginner and I have NO IDEA what colours to choose
Well with a potential 344+ colours to choose from I don’t blame you!! However it’s hard for me to sit here and tell you which colours to choose as it really depends on what you like to colour!
When selecting colours, the general rule of thumb is to pick a colour you like. For example ‘R83′. This becomes your ‘main’ middle colour. Then select a lighter colour and to do this the general rule is to keep the first letters the same and the first number the same (R8) and select a marker that is 2 – 3 digits lower than the last number. In this case you would select R81. You do the same to select your darker colour by increasing the last number by 2-3 digits. In this case it would be R85.
This rule works ‘most’ of the time, although there are some exceptions due to the combinations of colours used to create each colour.
As you become mor experienced in colouring, you will find yourself mixing and matching all sorts of colours to create your own colours!
When I am asked by someone who is thinking about buying Copic Markers, “What colours do you recommend I start with?” My very first response is… “What do you like to colour?”
Here are some ideas of combinations you might like to try.
E000, E01, E11 for pinkish skin
E000, E21, E11 pink/yellow tone
Add E13 &/or E25/E27 for dark shadows
E50, E51, E53 - yellowish complexion
YR31, Y18, Y28 (yellowish)
E50, E51, E53 (light)
This is my absolute favourite mix of colours for hair. It is one that I am drawn to all the time. The three colours blend perfectly together and the result is brown with a red tinge to it.
E13, E17, E19
E25, E27, E29
E41, E44, E47, E49
This combination of blues is easy to blend, looks fantastic on jeans as it has more of a grey washed tone.
B93, B95, B97, B99
Washed Pink combination that is easy to blend and will work nicely with the grey blues. Just be warned that R89 should be used in small doses. It is perfect to achieve the additional depth but when you are first experimenting don’t use too much or it will definitely bleed due to it’s high pigment value.
R81, R83, R85, R89
R20, R22, R24, R29
R32, R35, RV29, R89
Nature, landscapes, Flowers
The slight saturation gives a bit of a ‘dirty’ appearance and works so well on old wooden stumps and animal fur. Plus this set blends really nicely together.
E41, E44, E47, E49
I like to mix my greens when colouring nature. I will often pull yellows, yellow greens, bright greens and then throw in a dark green for some depth.
I suggest getting a yellow green, a couple of normal greens, a dark green and an olive green and this would be a good start to your green collection
A few ideas:
G40, YG63, G28, G16, G09, YG95
Overtime you will want to expand your collection and through experience and research you will begin to work out which colours you feel you will use most often in your creations.
This is the end of this overview and I am sure I will read over it and find areas I have missed and add to it.
Please note that the information I have provided is based on my personal experience using the products outlined above and that you and others may experience the products differently.
I do hope that I have helped to provide you with some information you can take along with you on your research into Copic markers.